Jelizaveta Janno, Ott Koppel – HUMAN FACTOR AS THE MAIN OPERATIONAL RISK IN DANGEROUS GOODS TRANSPORTATION CHAIN

Jelizaveta Janno, Ott Koppel – HUMAN FACTOR AS THE MAIN OPERATIONAL RISK IN DANGEROUS GOODS TRANSPORTATION CHAIN

Jelizaveta Janno
Tallinn University of Technology, School of Engineering, Estonia
E-mail:
jelizaveta.janno@gmail.com


Ott Koppel
Tallinn University of Technology, School of Engineering, Estonia
E-mail:
ott.koppel@ttu.ee

Abstract

When packaged dangerous goods (DG) are transported by road, it is critical to
follow both legal requirements as well as meet suggested safety regulations in order
to prevent accidents during activities with chemicals that are harmful for man, assets
and environment. Due to the fact that there are multiple parties involved into handling
and transportation procedures, plenty of different risks can occur during these
activities with DG. As the importance of human factor has been underestimated, this
paper focuses on analysing different types of risks within a dangerous goods
transportation chain related to specific participant. By analysing and prioritising risks,
the most critical of them are identified and evaluated upon possible harm to entire
chain. The paper presents a combined overview study based on theoretical aspects and
which is supported by results of previous studies regarding risk assessment of DG
transport in practice. Additional results of research regarding how involved parties in
Estonia evaluate possible harms resulted by their activities while handling and
transporting DG confirm the main finding that human factor is one of the crucial
factors why accidents occur. Despite the limited study group generalisations of
research results are applicable widely in Europe due to the universal features of risks
as well as common legal requirements (The European Agreement concerning the
International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road;
i.e. ADR). In scope of further
research, results of present study are milestones to focus on managing risks affected
by human factor in road transport of DG.


Key words: dangerous goods, road transport, ARD regulations, risks, human factor

Last Update: October 26, 2017  

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October 26, 2017   213    BLMM 2017  
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