Joanna Miklińska – DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL MARKET IN POLAND FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF CARGO HANDLING OPERATIONS IN INTERNATIONAL SUPPLY CHAINS – SELECTED ISSUES

Joanna Miklińska – DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL MARKET IN POLAND FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF CARGO HANDLING OPERATIONS IN INTERNATIONAL SUPPLY CHAINS – SELECTED ISSUES

Joanna Miklińska
Gdynia Maritime University,
Department of Logistics and Transportation Systems, Poland
E-mail:
j.miklinska@wpit.am.gdynia.pl


Abstract

A significant role within the framework of the European Union’s policy of
sustainable transport development is assigned to the intermodal transport. The
development of the intermodal market, particularly with regard to the international
carriage of goods has been observed also in Poland over the last several years.
Nevertheless, the share of intermodal transport in the total cargo transport differs from
the best Western European models. In 2016 12.8 million tonnes of cargo (over 23%
more than in 2015) were carried using the intermodal transport in Poland. The
intermodal market in Poland has its specificities – it is a rail intermodal market on
which 96.4% of the transported intermodal units in 2016 were containers. Due to its
geographical location, Poland has a large potential for handling containerized cargo
flows in the framework of international supply chains. Intermodal transport is used on
several major routes: North-South – as transport to and from Polish seaports, transport
from Poland to Western European seaports, and the East-West transport (including
but not limited to transit through Poland). The main purpose of this article is to discuss
the current status of the development of the intermodal market in Poland in terms of
its role in handling cargo flows in international supply chains. In addition, the aim is
to identify factors supporting further development and the barriers that disturb this
development. Research of literature, analysis of statistical data published by the
Central Statistical Office, analysis of reports published by the Office of Rail Transport
(the Polish rail market regulator) and information from entities operating in the
intermodal market in Poland (including intermodal operators) were conducted to
accomplish the main objective of the article. The performed analysis related to both
the infrastructure issues concerning the intermodal market in Poland and its
organization-based, formal and legal, and economic aspects. Moreover, selected
external circumstances forming the intermodal market position in Poland in handling
international supply chains, including but not limited to the development the new Silk
Road initiative have been discussed. The findings and conclusions arising from the
conducted analysis can serve as examples and guidance for other countries in which
the role of intermodal transport should also be strengthened.


Key words: intermodal transport, intermodal market in Poland, international supply
chains, containerized cargo flows, development of intermodal market

Last Update: October 26, 2017  

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October 26, 2017   55    BLMM 2017  
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