Karolina Gwarda – ECO-INNOVATIONS IN THE SPHERE OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN A POLISH CONTEXT

Karolina Gwarda – ECO-INNOVATIONS IN THE SPHERE OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN A POLISH CONTEXT

Karolina Gwarda
Gdynia Maritime University, Department of Logistics and Transportation Systems,
Gdynia, Poland
E-mail:
k.gwarda@wpit.am.gdynia.pl


Abstract


Despite many of the actions taken by the European Union, the mass of municipal
waste deposited in Member States’ landfills is too large. One of the solutions to this
problem is the use of eco-innovation in the management of municipal waste. Poland
is a country which has made a lot of progress, and brought its landfill waste indicator
down from 53% in 2014 to 44% in 2015. This paper allows us to answer the following
questions: What is the attitude of Polish entities involved in waste management to
eco-innovation and what are the environmental and financial implications of the
ecological solutions used? Therefore, the main purpose of this article is to answer
these questions based on the research conducted.
In order to illustrate the situation, this article begins with an overview of the
literature and with a presentation of the condition and level of eco-innovations in
Poland, as compared with other countries of the European Union. The presented data
are based on secondary results. Later parts include examples of Polish eco-innovations
in the sphere of handling municipal waste. Results of the survey and the results of the
questionnaire are also presented, which indicate the direction of the necessary actions
leading to increasing the number and efficiency of eco-innovation.


Key words: eco-innovation, municipal waste management, ecological innovation in
Poland

Last Update: October 26, 2017  

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October 26, 2017   397    BLMM 2017  
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